The Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment of Hip Arthritis

Hip arthritis is the common type of disease which causes joint inflammation which leads to severe pain and swelling in the hip joint. This type of arthritis is also termed as Osteoarthritis.

Hip arthritis usually affects people over fifty years of age and is more widespread in people who are obese. There is also a hereditary inclination of this state, meaning hip arthritis tends to run in families. There are also some other reasons which result in budding hip arthritis include distressing injuries to the hip and fractures to the hip bone.

Causes of Hip Arthritis

The causes of hip arthritis are not identified. Following are the factors that may cause injury of the hip joint, old age, and being fat. Apart from these are also some more reasons which contribute to hip arthritis:

  • The hips joints may not have been shaped correctly.
  • There are some hereditary defects in the cartilage.
  • The patient may be overweight.

Hip Replacement Implants

Signs of Hip Arthritis

Hip arthritis heads to increase as the situation worsens. The symptoms of hip arthritis do not always rise within the span of time. The people often report with sometimes good reports and sometimes bad as the change of weather takes place. The most popular hip arthritis symptoms are as follows:

  • Soreness with actions.
  • Restricted motion.
  • Inflexibility of the hip joint.
  • Walking lamely.
  • Ache in the hip, thigh, and knee.

Hip Arthritis Treatment

The treatment of hip arthritis begins with mainly essential steps and steps forward to the more complicated which includes surgery. Surely not all therapies are suitable for every sufferer so one should have a detailed conversation with ones physician to decide which options are suitable for the particular case of hip arthritis.

Loss of Weight
This is probably the most significant therapy which in not at all popular among folks. The low weight causes the hip joint to carry out the tasks in a less painful manner.

Exercising
Learning new exercises proves to be useful in relieving the arthritis pain.

Use of Sticks or Walker
The usage of a simple wooden cane stick or a walker can decrease the pain in the hip joint.

Physical Therapy
Fortifying the muscles that surrounds the hip joint may prove helpful to reduce the weigh down the burden on the hip joint.

Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
Anti-inflammatory drugs are proved really helpful to treat ache and swelling.

Medications for Joints
The supplements for joints seems to be harmless and are effectual for cure of hip arthritis.

Reinstatement Surgery
In this method the cartilage of the hip joint is detached and a plate or soft artificial plastic is embedded in the hip joint.

Resurfacing Surgery
Some patients who don’t want to go for hip replacement surgery often go for the resurfacing treatment because it is more cost effective.

Hip Replacement Aftercare

The recovery time for each individual varies as it usually depends on the person’s weight, age and other factors. The diet plays an important role in the revival of hip joint. One should opt for healthy foods that can lead the wounds to heal at a faster rate.

References:

http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/implants/arthroplasty/hip.html

https://orthopedicimplantsindia.wordpress.com/2017/02/22/hip-implants-know-them-before-you-get-them/

https://orthopedicimplantsindia.wordpress.com/2016/11/30/know-about-orthopedic-surgery-procedures/

https://orthopedicimplantsindia.wordpress.com/2016/04/21/faqs-related-to-hip-implants/

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Orthopedic Surgery: A Comprehensive Overview

The surgery about musculoskeletal system in human bodies is referred to as orthopedic surgery. The surgeons can use surgical and non-surgical methods to treat problems related to joints, bones, muscles, nerves, and ligaments in the human body. The kind of treatment which is adopted varies from person to person. The orthopedic surgeons are capable of resolving problems involving injuries, spine disorders, degenerative diseases, sports injuries, tumors, hip and knee reconstructions and infections of various kinds. However, going to a surgeon doesn’t qualify one for a surgery straight away. Most of the times the patient is treated using various non-invasive techniques and medicines only.

Surgery And Risks Involved

Most of the doctors who enter the field of orthopedic surgery chose one of the following fields of specialization:

While most of the procedures that are performed come without any possible risk but the ones that involve a surgery do come with certain limitations like any surgical procedure does. Some of the common risks involved with orthopedic surgeries involve:

Anesthesia: The type of anesthesia that is given depends on the type of surgery which is being performed. There are a lot of different types of anesthesia ranging from local to general and the risks of anesthesia vary with the type which is being selected.

Infections: Most of the surgical procedures especially the invasive ones will require good post-operation care. This is to avoid infections of any sort from developing in the body. Most of these infections are easy to manage, and some might require further surgeries to handle as well. The risk of infections is higher in surgeries that involve hip or joint replacement procedures.

Blood clot: A blood clot can form anywhere in a vein after surgery. If it is in the veins, the clot is fairly risk free. However, if it travels to the lungs, it can cause severe breathing issues and would require prompt medical care. Doctors make use of blood thinners and other medicines to eliminate the risks of blood clots in bodies.

Choosing The Right Orthopedic Surgeon

When choosing an orthopedic surgeon, it is important to make sure of a few things first.

  • The doctor should have specialized in the area your problem is related to.
  • All the necessary equipment and medications should be available for the procedure
  • You have a clear idea of the procedure and how it will be performed. Ask all the necessary questions before-hand. Discuss with your doctor the different types of anesthesia and how one is different from the other.

If it is a surgery that your condition requires, make sure that not only the surgery but your post-operation care is up-to-the-mark as well. There are a lot of new techniques being introduced every other day which eliminate the chances for surgery. Make sure you have discussed and researched about them all before you decide on a surgical procedure with your orthopedic surgeon.

References:

http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/

https://gpcmedicalequipment.wordpress.com/2014/08/11/gpc-rehabilitation-products-aids-to-make-your-life-easier/


Steps by Step Guide of Hip Replacement Surgery

Hips are an integral human body part and have their own significance. The wear and tear of hip joint affects its working and results in intense pain called hip arthritis. Hip replace surgery is performed to relieve hip pain and improve hip functionality. Femoral head of the hip bone is removed and replaced with an artificial one. The bone is cut during the surgery to place this ball shaped prosthetic femur head inside that later becomes the new socket of pelvis.

Steps of a Hip Replacement Surgery

After the diagnosis of hip arthritis, orthopedic physicians determine the area of surgery and the process vary as per the patient’s condition. However, these are the common steps of every hip replacement surgery and the process is considered as the most effective solution of arthritis.

Checkup and Anesthesia: Doctors note down blood pressure, heart beat, blood group, and body temperature before starting the surgery. General or regional anesthesia is given to block sensation.

Removal of Damage Cartilage: Surgeons make 10 inches incision to remove the damaged cartilage. During incision, skin and muscles are cut down to expose the bone. They remove damaged cartilage and take out the upper part of femur bone present in the hip socket. Femur bone is the actual part where the issue resides due to the bone-on-bone contact. The socket in the pelvis is also called acetabulum and surgeons use a saw to cut the arthritis femoral head.

Preparation of Acetabelum: After the removal of arthritic ball, surgeons prepare the acetabelum with the help of a tool reamer and scrap the unnecessary skin and cartilage to a make place for acetabular cup.

Placement of Acetabular Component: The cup is placed into the reshaped socket and placed tightly in the pelvis. For the perfect fit, the pelvis socket is made smaller than the acetabular component and it adheres with special perforated cement in order to give space for the bone growth.

Preparation of Femur: The next step is the preparation of femur bone in which surgeons insert prosthetic femoral stem in the femur bone. The stem is designed to hold the ball perfectly and shaped like a narrow tapered metal shaft so it excellently plays the role of femoral head.

Insertion of Final Ball into the Socket: A temporary ball is placed in the top of the stem to move the acetabulum cup and make sure that the joint can move easily. On getting satisfactory results from the temporary ball, permanent ball is inserted and doctors take the help of X-ray machine to check the size and position of the ball.

Skin Stitching:  Stitching the skin is the last step of hip surgery. The muscles and the part of skin is precisely stitched and bandaged. Wedge willow is placed to between the legs to keep them apart from each other.

Usually, the patient has to spend a week in the hospital and doctors advise him/her about the range of motion precaution and weight bearing precautions to prevent any fatal issue later.

hip-implants

Related Posts:

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Whаt Yоu Shоuld Knоw About Orthopedic Prосеdurеѕ

Hip Implants: Know Them Before You Get Them

Hip implant surgery is important if a part or the whole hip becomes damaged after an injury or a disease or wear downs after a disease related to joint. To have the person return to normal life and get some relief from the excruciating pain, replacing the affected part becomes of pivotal importance. The hip joint is replaced with an artificial joint or implant.

hip-replacement-implants
Types Of Hip Implants

Depending on the severity of the condition, the doctors can opt for either one of the following types of hip implants:

  • Complete hip implant where the joint is removed and a ball is inserted. The socket is then attached by roughing a part of the bone to create the necessary space. The ball and the socket are then cemented using various techniques and materials. In some cases, the cement is not used and the bone is roughened in a special way instead that would allow it to grow on the parts of the implants.
  • Partial hip implant where only a certain part of the joint is removed.
  • Hip resurfacing is used for younger patients or to improve mobility which is affected by arthritis. It replaces the socket and resurfaces the head of the femur instead of removing it.

The Design Of The Hip Implant

There are different types of materials being used for hip implants to make them more efficient. The design, however, pretty much remains to be the same. The design of the hip implant makes use of:

  • A metal stem which is inserted into the femur. It can also be used to keep the implants in place.
  • A ball which acts like the moveable joint and gives the hip its mobility
  • A socket which is attached to the pelvis which connects the ball to the stem
  • The bearing which gives the ball a smooth surface it can rotate on. It is the part where the ball and the socket rub together. The purpose is to give Hip its:
    – Mobility
    – Flexibility
    – Range-of-motion
    – Performance
    – Durability

Materials Used For Hip Implants

Combinations of different equipment are now being used to make the designs of the hip implants more efficient. The most common ones being:

  • A metal ball which is attached to a plastic socket. This metal and plastic approach is the most widely used
  • Plastic socket with a ball made of ceramic or in some cases ceramic ball used in combination with a ceramic socket. The latter is more common for patients who lead a fairly active life or a still young.
  • A metal ball with a metal socket. This one is used for young active patients

The hip implant makes use of a major surgery, and it is important to discuss all the possible alternatives with your doctor before coming to a conclusion. A lot of health, age and lifestyle factors will come into play when it comes to deciding the type of implant and the material which is used for the implant.

Source: http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/implants/arthroplasty/hip.html

Whаt Yоu Shоuld Knоw About Orthopedic Prосеdurеѕ

Orthореdіс surgery mainly rеvоlvеѕ around thе diagnosis, рrе-ореrаtіоn, роѕt ореrаtіоn and trеаtmеnt оf аll thе diseases thаt аffесt thе musculoskeletal ѕуѕtеm. It іѕ a vеrу brоаd field and there аrе ѕеvеrаl рrосеdurеѕ that уоu should bе аwаrе оf.  Although there аrе probably hundreds оf dіffеrеnt рrосеdurеѕ thеу perform on a daily basis, thе following are the mоrе соmmоn оrthореdіс ѕurgеrіеѕ seen wіthіn the practice:

Total Joint Replacement

Total Joint Replacement

Tоtаl jоіnt replacement includes rеmоvіng thе dаmаgеd joint соmрlеtеlу аnd rерlасіng іt wіth аn аrtіfісіаl joint. Cеrtаіn раrtѕ of аn аrthrіtіс jоіnt соuld аlѕо bе rерlасеd wіth thіѕ surgical рrосеdurе.

Tоtаl Knee Replacement

Total Knee Replacement

Knee rерlасеmеnt-tурісаllу реrfоrmеd in cases оf ѕеvеrе аrthrіtіѕ, thе cartilage of thе knее jоіnt is rерlасеd during this procedure wіth mеtаl аnd plastic implants. Oссаѕіоnаllу, thе аrtіfісіаl rерlасеmеnt hаѕ tо bе аnсhоrеd wіth a tуре оf bone сеmеnt that аllоwѕ thе further grоwth оf normal bоnе tіѕѕuе.

Tоtаl Hip Rерlасеmеnt

Total Hip Replacement

Rеmоvіng thе ball аnd socket аnd inserting nеw bаll and socket jоіnt that аllоwѕ better movement. Tоtаl hip replacement procedures аrе plenty depending on thе tуре оf mаtеrіаl uѕеd аnd how thе іmрlаnt is designed tо wоrk. Sоmе аrе mаdе out оf metal аnd оthеrѕ аrе ceramic. Thе tуре оf mаtеrіаl used іѕ dеtеrmіnеd bу orthopedic dосtоrѕ аnd dереndѕ on a number of vаrіаblеѕ.

Tоtаl Shоuldеr rерlасеmеnt

Total Shoulder Replacement

Thіѕ іѕ a оrthореdіс ѕurgеrу procedure thаt іnvоlvеѕ replacement оf the dаmаgеd bone аnd саrtіlаgе wіth рlаѕtіс and оthеr material – much lіkе thе hip rерlасеmеnt procedure. Thе rаngе of motion іѕ grеаtlу improved аftеr this ѕurgеrу. Shоuldеr rерlасеmеnt-ѕіmіlаr tо the hір jоіnt rерlасеmеnt with  itѕ main gоаl  tо improve mobility аnd funсtіоn.

Rоtаtоr Cuff Rераіr

Rоtаtоr сuff іѕ whаt keeps уоur ѕhоuldеr аnсhоrеd аnd in place. It іѕ also responsible fоr shoulder mоvеmеnt. Any dаmаgе, tear оr other disease саuѕеѕ movement іmраіrmеnt and lоtѕ оf раіn. Surgеrу hеlрѕ іmрrоvе mоvеmеnt, rеduсе pain аnd improve ѕtrеngth.

Rоtаtоr cuff rераіr-thе rotator сuff kеерѕ уоur ѕhоuldеr аnсhоrеd and facilitates mоvеmеnt. Whеn it tеаrѕ, іt causes tremendous раіn, еѕресіаllу upon аttеmрtіng to reach uрwаrd or оvеrhеаd. Thіѕ рrосеdurе іnvоlvеѕ rеmоvіng dеbrіѕ аnd bоnе ѕрurѕ frоm the іnjurу and rеаttасhіng thе edges оf thе tendon tоgеthеr.

Arthrоѕсоріс Surgеrу

Arthrоѕсоріс Surgеrу

Arthrоѕсору-thіѕ procedure uѕеѕ аn arthroscope, whісh is a tubе with a lеnѕ аnd a lіght ѕоurсе аttасhеd. Whеn uѕеd соrrесtlу, thе surgeon саn see thе аffесtеd area whіlе реrfоrmіng a ѕurgісаl procedure. Arthrоѕсоріс рrосеdurеѕ are uѕuаllу dоnе for ѕhоuldеr and knее surgeries but саn be uѕеd fоr other ѕurgеrіеѕ.

Spine Surgery

Spine Surgery

Sріnе ѕurgеrу соuld bе a сhоісе whеn bасk pain іѕ persistent аnd unbearable mаkіng dаіlу tаѕkѕ іmроѕѕіblе. Sріnе ѕurgеrу іѕ соnѕіdеrеd only whеn trаdіtіоnаl mеdісіnе and thеrару does nоt hеlр. Lаmіnесtоmу, dіѕkесtоmу, fuѕіоn, аnd spinal decompressions аrе some of thе most соmmоn ѕріnаl ѕurgеrу рrосеdurеѕ. Amоng thе lesser іnvаѕіvе рrосеdurеѕ, thеrе іѕ Kурhорlаѕtу. The ultimate goal is to іmрrоvе funсtіоn аnd еlіmіnаtе pain.

Anklе ѕurgеrу

Anklе ѕurgеrу

Thе аnklеѕ аnd wrіѕtѕ саn hаrbоr рrоblеmѕ ѕuсh аѕ arthritis, іnjurіеѕ, fractures, and ѕрrаіnѕ. Overusing these jоіntѕ саn аlѕо саuѕе соmрlісаtіоnѕ, whісh mіght rеԛuіrе ѕurgеrу when more соnѕеrvаtіvе trеаtmеntѕ fail.  Anklе rерlасеmеnt can also considered оnlу when other соnvеntіоnаl mеthоdѕ fail оr hаvе bad оutсоmеѕ.

ACL Rесоnѕtruсtіоn

ACL Reconstruction

ACL іѕ thе anterior сruсіаtе lіgаmеnt. It іѕ thе major ѕtаbіlіzіng ligament оf thе knее. Reconstruction саn bе реrfоrmеd when this ligament ruрturеѕ. Thе anterior cruciate lіgаmеnt acts as a stabilizing lіgаmеnt fоr thе knее. Whеn іt ruptures, уоu mіght hear or fееl a ‘рор,’ and your knee mіght gіvе out, ultіmаtеlу causing a fаll. If left untrеаtеd, dаmаgе tо thе jоіnt can оссur оvеr tіmе, leading tо osteoarthritis. Surgеrу іѕ not always indicated wіth a torn ACL, but whеn it is, a grаft іѕ uѕеd to rерlасе the tоrn lіgаmеnt. Phуѕісаl thеrару аnd rеhаbіlіtаtіоn іѕ gеnеrаllу rеԛuіrеd and can be a ѕоmеwhаt lengthy process.

Source: http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/implants.html

FAQs Related to Hip Implants

If you are thinking to have a hip replacement surgery, then it is important for you to know the basic of hip replacement surgery, such as the hip implants that your surgeon may be using.

hip-implants-prosthesis

Hip Implant Basics

Our hip joint comprises of two major parts, which include a femoral head (ball) at femur (the top of your thighbone) that fits into the acetabulum (a rounded socket) in your pelvis. The ball rotates within the acetabulum’s curved surface. During a hip replacement surgery, the acetabulum is replaced by an acetabular. Besides, the femoral stem is implanted into the ball (the femoral head) and the femur and is fitted in the acetabulum. This helps in connecting the leg to the hip and enables movement.

What Is A Hip Implant Made Of?

Even though there are varied models and designs of hips that are built by a number of manufacturers, but there are three major elements of an artificial hip, which includes a stem that is implanted into the thigh bone (the femur); a cup that attaches to the pelvis and a ball that is attached to the top of the femur.

The modern hip implants, famous since the 1970s, are created by combining different materials, such as metals, ceramics and plastics. The most common material used for making hip implants is cobalt chrome, titanium and stainless steel. Most of the recent hip implant devices are metal-on-metal designs, which have been created with the hope that hip surgery would last longer and provide pain-free flexibility for more years.

How Much Does It Weigh?

Your surgeon will select the implant that is most appropriate for you and fits your anatomy, and lifestyle. Generally, a complete hip system (liner, shell, head and stem) weighs between 1 to 2 pounds, which depends on the kind of material that is used.

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Hip Surgery – Providing Relief to your Hip Pain

A surgery is usually the last option a doctor offers for your treatment and is often when it is imperative to do it, and when other methods of treatment seem ineffective. However, in today’s time with advanced medical facilities most surgeries are successful and hence the fear of surgery is gradually diminishing. Surgeries of all kinds are on a rise and hip surgery although not very common earlier is also being performed on a large scale.

Hip Prosthesis

Excessive unbearable pain in the hips, loss of mobility, loss of sleep, pain in the joints, seasonal pain during change of weather especially humid weather, degeneration of bones and sudden accidents are primarily the reasons for a hip bone treatment. Depending upon the condition of the patient, and after performing several x-rays and tests an orthopedic decides which method will suit the patient best in getting relief from the pain.  At times a minimal invasive surgery is enough to provide you relief from the pain instead of a total hip surgery. This prevents the patient from an elongated treatment and early recovery.

Different Methods of Hip Treatment

Arthroscopy

Bipolar Hip Prosthesis

In arthroscopy, the area of the hip discomfort is viewed through a camera and the problem is identified and treated. Through arthroscopy the damaged cartilage can be trimmed, the loose debris can be removed from the hips, and also irrigating the inside of the hip.

Osteotomy

In osteotomy, it is like a partial surgery where the bones are cut, reshaped or partially removed to shift the stress from the diseased tissue to a healthy tissue.

Internal fixation

In this method the broken bones are fastened with a small metal device to heal the fracture faster.

Total Hip Replacement

When the above methods do not seem to be effective enough to provide relief to the patient the doctor goes for total hip replacement.  This method involves replacing the painful damaged hip part with artificial hips called prosthesis. The prosthesis has three components: a socket, ball, and a stem. The outer shell is made of metal usually and the inner shell of either plastic or metal. The joining of the socket with the metal ball makes the movement of the hip smooth and frictionless.

The total hip fixation is also of two types:

Cemented Hip Implant

Femoral Neck Ball

In this kind of hip implant the bone cement is injected into the prepared femoral canal. Bone cement is a grout that helps position the implant within the bone. This grout helps the implant to be positioned in the required position.

Porous Hip Implant

In this type of hip implant, it is designed to engage the bone within the canal and allow the bone to grow into the porous surface. The femoral canal is prepared in such a way that the implant is fit tightly initially. In this method there are possibilities of the ingrowths of the bone to provide additional fixation to hold the implant as per the desired position.

Hip Implant surgeries are an effective way to reduce the pain and increase your mobility. Thousands of surgeries are being preformed successfully every year to provide relief to the ailing persons.

GPC Medical works towards providing the best orthopedic implants products to give our clients a safe and painless future.

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