Orthopedic Surgery: A Comprehensive Overview

The surgery about musculoskeletal system in human bodies is referred to as orthopedic surgery. The surgeons can use surgical and non-surgical methods to treat problems related to joints, bones, muscles, nerves, and ligaments in the human body. The kind of treatment which is adopted varies from person to person. The orthopedic surgeons are capable of resolving problems involving injuries, spine disorders, degenerative diseases, sports injuries, tumors, hip and knee reconstructions and infections of various kinds. However, going to a surgeon doesn’t qualify one for a surgery straight away. Most of the times the patient is treated using various non-invasive techniques and medicines only.

Surgery And Risks Involved

Most of the doctors who enter the field of orthopedic surgery chose one of the following fields of specialization:

While most of the procedures that are performed come without any possible risk but the ones that involve a surgery do come with certain limitations like any surgical procedure does. Some of the common risks involved with orthopedic surgeries involve:

Anesthesia: The type of anesthesia that is given depends on the type of surgery which is being performed. There are a lot of different types of anesthesia ranging from local to general and the risks of anesthesia vary with the type which is being selected.

Infections: Most of the surgical procedures especially the invasive ones will require good post-operation care. This is to avoid infections of any sort from developing in the body. Most of these infections are easy to manage, and some might require further surgeries to handle as well. The risk of infections is higher in surgeries that involve hip or joint replacement procedures.

Blood clot: A blood clot can form anywhere in a vein after surgery. If it is in the veins, the clot is fairly risk free. However, if it travels to the lungs, it can cause severe breathing issues and would require prompt medical care. Doctors make use of blood thinners and other medicines to eliminate the risks of blood clots in bodies.

Choosing The Right Orthopedic Surgeon

When choosing an orthopedic surgeon, it is important to make sure of a few things first.

  • The doctor should have specialized in the area your problem is related to.
  • All the necessary equipment and medications should be available for the procedure
  • You have a clear idea of the procedure and how it will be performed. Ask all the necessary questions before-hand. Discuss with your doctor the different types of anesthesia and how one is different from the other.

If it is a surgery that your condition requires, make sure that not only the surgery but your post-operation care is up-to-the-mark as well. There are a lot of new techniques being introduced every other day which eliminate the chances for surgery. Make sure you have discussed and researched about them all before you decide on a surgical procedure with your orthopedic surgeon.

References:

http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/

https://gpcmedicalequipment.wordpress.com/2014/08/11/gpc-rehabilitation-products-aids-to-make-your-life-easier/


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Helping patients with Maxillofacial surgery and Implants

The damages of head, face, jaws and neck are treated by oral and maxillofacial surgery. It is an internationally certified surgery. Countries like Canada, Australia, US and Israel, they recognize this as a dentistry specialty. Whereas, in most of the Europe, it is recognized as both, medicine and dentistry specialty. And a degree in both, dentistry and medicine is compulsory.

Maxillofacial Implants

The Key Important Figure: Maxillofacial Surgeon

A maxillofacial surgeon is a surgeon who deals with the treatment of mouth, skull and jaw. As mentioned above, the maxillofacial surgeon is required to have a training of surgery, dentistry as well as medical. The demand of maxillofacial surgeons who choose medicine as a first degree of profession and then go for dentistry have a relatively increasing trend in some of the Europe countries.

Separate Entity or Not?

The professional associations in some of the countries recognizes maxillofacial as a separate entity of specialization. These associations are:

  • American Dental Association
  • Royal College of Surgeons of England
  • Royal College of Dentists of Canada
  • Dental Council of India
  • Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons
  • Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh

Other than these associations, maxillofacial surgery is practiced in many countries but under different forms and is sometimes executed by a single qualified surgeon.

The Procedures Involved in Maxillofacial Surgery: 

The treatment which takes place for maxillofacial surgery includes face, skull, jaw and neck, which are further classified as:

  • Cosmetic Surgery: It’s a surgery which is operated on head and neck of the body. It includes Botox, cosmetic treatments, enhancement of lips and enlargement of chin and cheek.
  • Dentoalveolar surgery: A surgery where surgeon deals with the removal of teeth. It includes extractions, implanting of bone, the placement for better anatomy is provided.
  • Corrective jaw surgery: It deals with the treatment of shallow breaths, the pauses of breaths in the sleep specifically called sleep apnea.

Importance of Practice of Anaesthesia:

In countries like United States, the maxillofacial surgeon are required to go through five months training of anaesthesia. The practice for paediatric anaesthesia is also required for the surgeons to undergo.

Is Laser Applicable in Maxillofacial Surgery or Not?

For almost all oral and dental surgery, CO2 laser is used as it deals with the procedure of soft tissues. The laser got introduced in the mids of 1980s and has still remained as the golden standard for dealing with the procedure of soft tissues.

Is Maxillofacial Implanting Different?

The implanting system of maxillofacial surgery is specifically designed to reconstruct mandibles and chin. Midface fracture orthopaedic surgery, they also get fixed and operated through implanting. The procedure takes place by encompassing pan-facial fractures (fractures which involve lower, upper and middle face) to simple fractures. The products to address fractures like midface fracture, orbital fractures, mandible and zygoma fractures are included in this category. Moreover, the reconstruction of products such as reconstruction of mandible, resection of tumor are also included in this. Different size of screws and plates are used according to the thickness and need of requirement of procedure needed. The best quality Maxillofacial Plating System plates and screws are provided by GPC Medical. And they must have the following features:

  • The screws and plates should be compatible within each system
  • The edges of the plates should be rounded because it helps reducing the irritation in soft tissues.
  • For low insertion torque unique screw designs should be enabled.

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