A surgery is usually the last option a doctor offers for your treatment and is often when it is imperative to do it, and when other methods of treatment seem ineffective. However, in today’s time with advanced medical facilities most surgeries are successful and hence the fear of surgery is gradually diminishing. Surgeries of all kinds are on a rise and hip surgery although not very common earlier is also being performed on a large scale.
Excessive unbearable pain in the hips, loss of mobility, loss of sleep, pain in the joints, seasonal pain during change of weather especially humid weather, degeneration of bones and sudden accidents are primarily the reasons for a hip bone treatment. Depending upon the condition of the patient, and after performing several x-rays and tests an orthopedic decides which method will suit the patient best in getting relief from the pain. At times a minimal invasive surgery is enough to provide you relief from the pain instead of a total hip surgery. This prevents the patient from an elongated treatment and early recovery.
Different Methods of Hip Treatment
In arthroscopy, the area of the hip discomfort is viewed through a camera and the problem is identified and treated. Through arthroscopy the damaged cartilage can be trimmed, the loose debris can be removed from the hips, and also irrigating the inside of the hip.
In osteotomy, it is like a partial surgery where the bones are cut, reshaped or partially removed to shift the stress from the diseased tissue to a healthy tissue.
In this method the broken bones are fastened with a small metal device to heal the fracture faster.
Total Hip Replacement
When the above methods do not seem to be effective enough to provide relief to the patient the doctor goes for total hip replacement. This method involves replacing the painful damaged hip part with artificial hips called prosthesis. The prosthesis has three components: a socket, ball, and a stem. The outer shell is made of metal usually and the inner shell of either plastic or metal. The joining of the socket with the metal ball makes the movement of the hip smooth and frictionless.
The total hip fixation is also of two types:
Cemented Hip Implant
In this kind of hip implant the bone cement is injected into the prepared femoral canal. Bone cement is a grout that helps position the implant within the bone. This grout helps the implant to be positioned in the required position.
Porous Hip Implant
In this type of hip implant, it is designed to engage the bone within the canal and allow the bone to grow into the porous surface. The femoral canal is prepared in such a way that the implant is fit tightly initially. In this method there are possibilities of the ingrowths of the bone to provide additional fixation to hold the implant as per the desired position.
Hip Implant surgeries are an effective way to reduce the pain and increase your mobility. Thousands of surgeries are being preformed successfully every year to provide relief to the ailing persons.