Orthopedic Surgery: A Comprehensive Overview

The surgery about musculoskeletal system in human bodies is referred to as orthopedic surgery. The surgeons can use surgical and non-surgical methods to treat problems related to joints, bones, muscles, nerves, and ligaments in the human body. The kind of treatment which is adopted varies from person to person. The orthopedic surgeons are capable of resolving problems involving injuries, spine disorders, degenerative diseases, sports injuries, tumors, hip and knee reconstructions and infections of various kinds. However, going to a surgeon doesn’t qualify one for a surgery straight away. Most of the times the patient is treated using various non-invasive techniques and medicines only.

Surgery And Risks Involved

Most of the doctors who enter the field of orthopedic surgery chose one of the following fields of specialization:

While most of the procedures that are performed come without any possible risk but the ones that involve a surgery do come with certain limitations like any surgical procedure does. Some of the common risks involved with orthopedic surgeries involve:

Anesthesia: The type of anesthesia that is given depends on the type of surgery which is being performed. There are a lot of different types of anesthesia ranging from local to general and the risks of anesthesia vary with the type which is being selected.

Infections: Most of the surgical procedures especially the invasive ones will require good post-operation care. This is to avoid infections of any sort from developing in the body. Most of these infections are easy to manage, and some might require further surgeries to handle as well. The risk of infections is higher in surgeries that involve hip or joint replacement procedures.

Blood clot: A blood clot can form anywhere in a vein after surgery. If it is in the veins, the clot is fairly risk free. However, if it travels to the lungs, it can cause severe breathing issues and would require prompt medical care. Doctors make use of blood thinners and other medicines to eliminate the risks of blood clots in bodies.

Choosing The Right Orthopedic Surgeon

When choosing an orthopedic surgeon, it is important to make sure of a few things first.

  • The doctor should have specialized in the area your problem is related to.
  • All the necessary equipment and medications should be available for the procedure
  • You have a clear idea of the procedure and how it will be performed. Ask all the necessary questions before-hand. Discuss with your doctor the different types of anesthesia and how one is different from the other.

If it is a surgery that your condition requires, make sure that not only the surgery but your post-operation care is up-to-the-mark as well. There are a lot of new techniques being introduced every other day which eliminate the chances for surgery. Make sure you have discussed and researched about them all before you decide on a surgical procedure with your orthopedic surgeon.

References:

http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/

https://gpcmedicalequipment.wordpress.com/2014/08/11/gpc-rehabilitation-products-aids-to-make-your-life-easier/


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Your Complete Guide to Spinal Implants

Surgery is not required in most of the spinal conditions, however, there are times when it becomes very important for the patient to undergo one. Unique and specially designed spinal instrumentation used in the spinal implants are an integral part of all the surgical processes. One can expect these implants to provide strength to the spine and stabilize it, fix the deformities, and facilitate fusion.

The special conditions which might give rise to the need for surgery include traumatic fracture, slippage of the spine, scoliosis, and chronic degenerative disc disease apart from numerous other critical spinal instabilities.

What Are Implants?

Metals like titanium, stainless steel, and titanium-alloy are used to manufacture spinal implants whereas there are some which are made from non-metallic compounds. Patients of different ages and sizes can easily be accommodated because of the variety of shapes available in these implants.

Scientists all over the world are working hard to bring further improvements to these implants so that they can result in more favorable outcomes. In quite a few years, some breakthroughs have been achieved in this regard and they include the development of special plates, the creation of small implants for children, and enabling the doctors to correct the deformities 3-dimensionally.

Spinal Implants

The different groups of these implants are:

Rods

These rods are really strong along with being flexible which allows the surgeon to contour them according to the need of the patient while bringing alignment to the spine.

Pedicle Screws

These are the strong points which provide a place for attachment to the rods. Initially, they were used in lumbar spine only but the advancements in technology have enabled the surgeons to use them in thoracic spine as well.

Hooks

Used for anchoring purposes along with rods and other kinds of implants.

Plates

The plates help in conforming to the contouring of the spine. Screws which are adjusted in adjacent vertebrae tend to hold them in place. They can be contoured in the future as well depending on the anatomy of the patient.

Cages

Having perforated walls, these are minute hollow devices. If the height of a disc is lost because of a collapse, then cages can be used for restoration purposes and the pressure on the nerve roots is also relieved.

How To Use These Implants?

The use of these implants depends on a great volume of the specific needs of a particular patient. Titanium implants are said to be resilient and light along with allowing usage with MRIs. Low volume and low profile implants are the best options which sometimes are not visible through a scan but the bone forming and bone fusion can be inferred.

Future Of These Implants

Scientists are keenly working on bioresorbable implants which are completely gone in the matter of time when the problem is resolved. They are designed in a way that they break down when they come in contact with water.

The better treatments for patients are surfacing every now and then but the scope and usage of any kind of treatment depends a great deal on the needs of the patients.

Source: http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/implants/spinal-system.html

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An overlook on Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal-Cord-Injury-GPCYour spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that keeps running down the center of your back. It conveys signals back and forward between your body and your cerebrum. A spinal cord injury upsets the signals. Spinal cord injuries ordinarily start with a blow that dislocates or cracks your vertebrae, the bone circles that make up your spine. Most injuries don’t slice through your spinal cord. Rather, they cause damage when bits of vertebrae tear the cord tissue or press down on the nerve parts that convey signals.

Spinal cord injuries basically can be divided into complete and incomplete. With a complete spinal cord injury, the cord can’t send signals below the level of the injury. Therefore, you are paralyzed below the injury. With an incomplete injury, you have some development and sensation below the injury.

A spinal cord injury is a therapeutic emergency. Prompt treatment can diminish long term complications. Medications may incorporate pharmaceuticals, traction to balance out the spine, and surgery. Later treatment typically incorporates prescriptions and rehabilitation treatment. To get around and do some everyday tasks, mobility aids and assisting devices are important.

The ability to control your appendages after spinal cord injury relies on upon two components: the place of the injury along your spinal cord and the seriousness of injury to the spinal cord. The most minimal piece of your spinal cord that functions typically after injury is alluded to as the neurological level of your injury.

Paralysis from a spinal cord injury might be alluded to as:

  • Tetraplegia-Otherwise called quadriplegia, this implies your arms, hands, trunk, legs and pelvic organs are all influenced by your spinal cord injury.
  • Paraplegia-This paralysis influences all or part of the trunk, legs and pelvic organs.

Your doctor will perform a progression of tests to decide the neurological level and fulfillment of your injury. Spinal cord injuries of any sort may bring about one or a greater amount of the accompanying signs and manifestations:

  • Exaggerated reflex spasms
  • Loss of movement
  • Loss of sensation, including the ability to feel warmth, chilly and touch
  • Trouble breathing and coughing
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control
  • Changes in sexual function and fertility
  • Pain or an exceptional stinging sensation created by damage to the nerve filaments in your spinal cord

Emergency signs and symptoms of spinal cord injury may include:

  • Intense back pain or weight in your neck, head or back
  • Imbalance and trouble walking
  • Weakness, paralysis or in-coordination in any body part
  • Numbness, shivering or loss of sensation in your hands, fingers, feet or toes
  • A strangely positioned or contorted neck or back
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control
  • Disabled breathing after injury

Any individual who encounters huge injury to his or her head or neck needs prompt therapeutic assessment for the likelihood of a spinal injury. Truth be told, it’s most secure to accept that trauma victims have a spinal injury until proven otherwise since:

  • A severe spinal injury isn’t generally promptly obvious. In the event that it isn’t perceived, more serious injury may happen.
  • Paralysis or numbness may grow promptly or go ahead continuously as swelling and bleeding happens in or around the spinal cord.
  • The time between injury and treatment is important in measuring the complications and the amount of possible recovery.

Unfortunately, there’s no real way to invert damage to the spinal cord. However researchers are working progressively on new therapeutic methods, including prostheses and prescriptions that may advance nerve cell recovery or enhance the function of the nerves that stay after a spinal cord injury. spinal cord injury treatment are generally focused on averting further injury and enabling individuals with a spinal cord injury to come back to a dynamic and beneficial life.

Source: www.IndianOrthopaedic.com – India’s Largest Spinal Implants Manufacturer & supplier!