The Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment of Hip Arthritis

Hip arthritis is the common type of disease which causes joint inflammation which leads to severe pain and swelling in the hip joint. This type of arthritis is also termed as Osteoarthritis.

Hip arthritis usually affects people over fifty years of age and is more widespread in people who are obese. There is also a hereditary inclination of this state, meaning hip arthritis tends to run in families. There are also some other reasons which result in budding hip arthritis include distressing injuries to the hip and fractures to the hip bone.

Causes of Hip Arthritis

The causes of hip arthritis are not identified. Following are the factors that may cause injury of the hip joint, old age, and being fat. Apart from these are also some more reasons which contribute to hip arthritis:

  • The hips joints may not have been shaped correctly.
  • There are some hereditary defects in the cartilage.
  • The patient may be overweight.

Hip Replacement Implants

Signs of Hip Arthritis

Hip arthritis heads to increase as the situation worsens. The symptoms of hip arthritis do not always rise within the span of time. The people often report with sometimes good reports and sometimes bad as the change of weather takes place. The most popular hip arthritis symptoms are as follows:

  • Soreness with actions.
  • Restricted motion.
  • Inflexibility of the hip joint.
  • Walking lamely.
  • Ache in the hip, thigh, and knee.

Hip Arthritis Treatment

The treatment of hip arthritis begins with mainly essential steps and steps forward to the more complicated which includes surgery. Surely not all therapies are suitable for every sufferer so one should have a detailed conversation with ones physician to decide which options are suitable for the particular case of hip arthritis.

Loss of Weight
This is probably the most significant therapy which in not at all popular among folks. The low weight causes the hip joint to carry out the tasks in a less painful manner.

Exercising
Learning new exercises proves to be useful in relieving the arthritis pain.

Use of Sticks or Walker
The usage of a simple wooden cane stick or a walker can decrease the pain in the hip joint.

Physical Therapy
Fortifying the muscles that surrounds the hip joint may prove helpful to reduce the weigh down the burden on the hip joint.

Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
Anti-inflammatory drugs are proved really helpful to treat ache and swelling.

Medications for Joints
The supplements for joints seems to be harmless and are effectual for cure of hip arthritis.

Reinstatement Surgery
In this method the cartilage of the hip joint is detached and a plate or soft artificial plastic is embedded in the hip joint.

Resurfacing Surgery
Some patients who don’t want to go for hip replacement surgery often go for the resurfacing treatment because it is more cost effective.

Hip Replacement Aftercare

The recovery time for each individual varies as it usually depends on the person’s weight, age and other factors. The diet plays an important role in the revival of hip joint. One should opt for healthy foods that can lead the wounds to heal at a faster rate.

References:

http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/implants/arthroplasty/hip.html

https://orthopedicimplantsindia.wordpress.com/2017/02/22/hip-implants-know-them-before-you-get-them/

https://orthopedicimplantsindia.wordpress.com/2016/11/30/know-about-orthopedic-surgery-procedures/

https://orthopedicimplantsindia.wordpress.com/2016/04/21/faqs-related-to-hip-implants/

Orthopedic Surgery: A Comprehensive Overview

The surgery about musculoskeletal system in human bodies is referred to as orthopedic surgery. The surgeons can use surgical and non-surgical methods to treat problems related to joints, bones, muscles, nerves, and ligaments in the human body. The kind of treatment which is adopted varies from person to person. The orthopedic surgeons are capable of resolving problems involving injuries, spine disorders, degenerative diseases, sports injuries, tumors, hip and knee reconstructions and infections of various kinds. However, going to a surgeon doesn’t qualify one for a surgery straight away. Most of the times the patient is treated using various non-invasive techniques and medicines only.

Surgery And Risks Involved

Most of the doctors who enter the field of orthopedic surgery chose one of the following fields of specialization:

While most of the procedures that are performed come without any possible risk but the ones that involve a surgery do come with certain limitations like any surgical procedure does. Some of the common risks involved with orthopedic surgeries involve:

Anesthesia: The type of anesthesia that is given depends on the type of surgery which is being performed. There are a lot of different types of anesthesia ranging from local to general and the risks of anesthesia vary with the type which is being selected.

Infections: Most of the surgical procedures especially the invasive ones will require good post-operation care. This is to avoid infections of any sort from developing in the body. Most of these infections are easy to manage, and some might require further surgeries to handle as well. The risk of infections is higher in surgeries that involve hip or joint replacement procedures.

Blood clot: A blood clot can form anywhere in a vein after surgery. If it is in the veins, the clot is fairly risk free. However, if it travels to the lungs, it can cause severe breathing issues and would require prompt medical care. Doctors make use of blood thinners and other medicines to eliminate the risks of blood clots in bodies.

Choosing The Right Orthopedic Surgeon

When choosing an orthopedic surgeon, it is important to make sure of a few things first.

  • The doctor should have specialized in the area your problem is related to.
  • All the necessary equipment and medications should be available for the procedure
  • You have a clear idea of the procedure and how it will be performed. Ask all the necessary questions before-hand. Discuss with your doctor the different types of anesthesia and how one is different from the other.

If it is a surgery that your condition requires, make sure that not only the surgery but your post-operation care is up-to-the-mark as well. There are a lot of new techniques being introduced every other day which eliminate the chances for surgery. Make sure you have discussed and researched about them all before you decide on a surgical procedure with your orthopedic surgeon.

References:

http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/

https://gpcmedicalequipment.wordpress.com/2014/08/11/gpc-rehabilitation-products-aids-to-make-your-life-easier/


Steps by Step Guide of Hip Replacement Surgery

Hips are an integral human body part and have their own significance. The wear and tear of hip joint affects its working and results in intense pain called hip arthritis. Hip replace surgery is performed to relieve hip pain and improve hip functionality. Femoral head of the hip bone is removed and replaced with an artificial one. The bone is cut during the surgery to place this ball shaped prosthetic femur head inside that later becomes the new socket of pelvis.

Steps of a Hip Replacement Surgery

After the diagnosis of hip arthritis, orthopedic physicians determine the area of surgery and the process vary as per the patient’s condition. However, these are the common steps of every hip replacement surgery and the process is considered as the most effective solution of arthritis.

Checkup and Anesthesia: Doctors note down blood pressure, heart beat, blood group, and body temperature before starting the surgery. General or regional anesthesia is given to block sensation.

Removal of Damage Cartilage: Surgeons make 10 inches incision to remove the damaged cartilage. During incision, skin and muscles are cut down to expose the bone. They remove damaged cartilage and take out the upper part of femur bone present in the hip socket. Femur bone is the actual part where the issue resides due to the bone-on-bone contact. The socket in the pelvis is also called acetabulum and surgeons use a saw to cut the arthritis femoral head.

Preparation of Acetabelum: After the removal of arthritic ball, surgeons prepare the acetabelum with the help of a tool reamer and scrap the unnecessary skin and cartilage to a make place for acetabular cup.

Placement of Acetabular Component: The cup is placed into the reshaped socket and placed tightly in the pelvis. For the perfect fit, the pelvis socket is made smaller than the acetabular component and it adheres with special perforated cement in order to give space for the bone growth.

Preparation of Femur: The next step is the preparation of femur bone in which surgeons insert prosthetic femoral stem in the femur bone. The stem is designed to hold the ball perfectly and shaped like a narrow tapered metal shaft so it excellently plays the role of femoral head.

Insertion of Final Ball into the Socket: A temporary ball is placed in the top of the stem to move the acetabulum cup and make sure that the joint can move easily. On getting satisfactory results from the temporary ball, permanent ball is inserted and doctors take the help of X-ray machine to check the size and position of the ball.

Skin Stitching:  Stitching the skin is the last step of hip surgery. The muscles and the part of skin is precisely stitched and bandaged. Wedge willow is placed to between the legs to keep them apart from each other.

Usually, the patient has to spend a week in the hospital and doctors advise him/her about the range of motion precaution and weight bearing precautions to prevent any fatal issue later.

hip-implants

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Hip Surgery – Providing Relief to your Hip Pain

A surgery is usually the last option a doctor offers for your treatment and is often when it is imperative to do it, and when other methods of treatment seem ineffective. However, in today’s time with advanced medical facilities most surgeries are successful and hence the fear of surgery is gradually diminishing. Surgeries of all kinds are on a rise and hip surgery although not very common earlier is also being performed on a large scale.

Hip Prosthesis

Excessive unbearable pain in the hips, loss of mobility, loss of sleep, pain in the joints, seasonal pain during change of weather especially humid weather, degeneration of bones and sudden accidents are primarily the reasons for a hip bone treatment. Depending upon the condition of the patient, and after performing several x-rays and tests an orthopedic decides which method will suit the patient best in getting relief from the pain.  At times a minimal invasive surgery is enough to provide you relief from the pain instead of a total hip surgery. This prevents the patient from an elongated treatment and early recovery.

Different Methods of Hip Treatment

Arthroscopy

Bipolar Hip Prosthesis

In arthroscopy, the area of the hip discomfort is viewed through a camera and the problem is identified and treated. Through arthroscopy the damaged cartilage can be trimmed, the loose debris can be removed from the hips, and also irrigating the inside of the hip.

Osteotomy

In osteotomy, it is like a partial surgery where the bones are cut, reshaped or partially removed to shift the stress from the diseased tissue to a healthy tissue.

Internal fixation

In this method the broken bones are fastened with a small metal device to heal the fracture faster.

Total Hip Replacement

When the above methods do not seem to be effective enough to provide relief to the patient the doctor goes for total hip replacement.  This method involves replacing the painful damaged hip part with artificial hips called prosthesis. The prosthesis has three components: a socket, ball, and a stem. The outer shell is made of metal usually and the inner shell of either plastic or metal. The joining of the socket with the metal ball makes the movement of the hip smooth and frictionless.

The total hip fixation is also of two types:

Cemented Hip Implant

Femoral Neck Ball

In this kind of hip implant the bone cement is injected into the prepared femoral canal. Bone cement is a grout that helps position the implant within the bone. This grout helps the implant to be positioned in the required position.

Porous Hip Implant

In this type of hip implant, it is designed to engage the bone within the canal and allow the bone to grow into the porous surface. The femoral canal is prepared in such a way that the implant is fit tightly initially. In this method there are possibilities of the ingrowths of the bone to provide additional fixation to hold the implant as per the desired position.

Hip Implant surgeries are an effective way to reduce the pain and increase your mobility. Thousands of surgeries are being preformed successfully every year to provide relief to the ailing persons.

GPC Medical works towards providing the best orthopedic implants products to give our clients a safe and painless future.

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Hip Joint Replacement Surgery – An Analysis

Austin Moore Hip Prostheses

Like all other major surgeries, hip replacement surgery is suggested, when the patient is unable to take the pain in the hip area and therefore recommended to go for a surgery. The mental make-up of any patient during a surgery has to be strong along with the basic parameters of health doing well. A surgery is often recommended when it is seen to be the most effective option to decrease the pain and get the patient to lead a normal healthy life.

What is the Process Involved in a Hip Replacement Surgery?

The normal hip joint is a ball and socket joint and the hip replacement surgery involves replacing of the diseased ball and socket joint with an artificial metallic ball with the stem inserted into the femur bone with an artificial plastic cup socket. The metallic artificial ball and stem are referred to as the “prosthesis”.

This process requires a surgical procedure for the orthopedic surgeon to make the replacement from the original joint with a prosthetic one that delivers almost the same functions like the original. Once the artificial ball and the plastic cup socket are inserted in the hip joint area, it needs to be cemented in some cases.

In some cases joints are cemented for the attachment of the artificial joint to the bone which does the work of glue. There are also some joints which are not cemented. They instead use a porous coating that is designed to allow the bone to adhere to the artificial agent. As time passes by, new bone grows and gradually fills up the porous coatings, thereby attaching the joint to the bone.

How is Hip Replacement Surgeries Useful?

Hip replacement surgeries help in relieving the pain to the patient. Patients suffering from arthritis are usually prone and more likely susceptible to the pain in the hip joints and need the surgery when the pain becomes unbearable. Usually, people above the age of 60 or older are faced with this problem. In some cases, it may be for younger people as well, but the replaced artificial joints have a certain life span and may need to be replaced again after a stipulated period of time.

Hip pain surgery can help you resume to your normal activities which was being hindered due to the pain, like bathing, preparing meals, doing household chores, and walking.

If you have been using a cane or a walker for your walking, a hip replacement surgery can help you resume to a normal walking lifestyle.

A lot of people complain of sleeping disturbances due to the pain in the hip joint, a hip replacement surgery, can give you back, a peaceful sleep in the night.

Risk Involved in the Surgery and After Care

Risks Involved:

  • Anesthetic risks (common to all surgery)
  • Likelihood of infection which can be both of the wound and the artificial hip joint itself
  • Dislocation of the artificial hip joint which though is very unlikely but the risk is always there
  • During any kind of surgery the development of blood clots is a possibility
  • A change in the length of the leg that has been operated upon
  • Damage to the nerves and the blood vessels surrounding the hip joint

After Care or Recovery:

  • Till the soft tissues around the new hip joint are healed, special care needs to be taken for the movements around the hip joint area. One has to remember that it is not the natural hip so a hip prosthesis has a limited range of movement.
  • The first six weeks after surgery is a very high risk time for dislocation of the new hip.
  • The guidelines prescribed by the doctor on the physical movement of the operated patient should be duly followed.
  • Some of these guidelines include; do not cross the legs, do not bend down low, avoid lifting heavy objects, avoid forceful or jarring movement of the hip.
  • Avoid lying on the operated side, do not stand for long periods, sit on a firm chair with support to your arms, and treat scratches and cuts promptly to decrease chances of infection affecting the new joint.

Surgeries are a crucial time of a patient’s life and if dealt with patience and the right doctor accompanied by the right treatment with a positive frame of mind , it gives out a successful result.

Source: http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/

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