Orthopedic Surgery: A Comprehensive Overview

The surgery about musculoskeletal system in human bodies is referred to as orthopedic surgery. The surgeons can use surgical and non-surgical methods to treat problems related to joints, bones, muscles, nerves, and ligaments in the human body. The kind of treatment which is adopted varies from person to person. The orthopedic surgeons are capable of resolving problems involving injuries, spine disorders, degenerative diseases, sports injuries, tumors, hip and knee reconstructions and infections of various kinds. However, going to a surgeon doesn’t qualify one for a surgery straight away. Most of the times the patient is treated using various non-invasive techniques and medicines only.

Surgery And Risks Involved

Most of the doctors who enter the field of orthopedic surgery chose one of the following fields of specialization:

While most of the procedures that are performed come without any possible risk but the ones that involve a surgery do come with certain limitations like any surgical procedure does. Some of the common risks involved with orthopedic surgeries involve:

Anesthesia: The type of anesthesia that is given depends on the type of surgery which is being performed. There are a lot of different types of anesthesia ranging from local to general and the risks of anesthesia vary with the type which is being selected.

Infections: Most of the surgical procedures especially the invasive ones will require good post-operation care. This is to avoid infections of any sort from developing in the body. Most of these infections are easy to manage, and some might require further surgeries to handle as well. The risk of infections is higher in surgeries that involve hip or joint replacement procedures.

Blood clot: A blood clot can form anywhere in a vein after surgery. If it is in the veins, the clot is fairly risk free. However, if it travels to the lungs, it can cause severe breathing issues and would require prompt medical care. Doctors make use of blood thinners and other medicines to eliminate the risks of blood clots in bodies.

Choosing The Right Orthopedic Surgeon

When choosing an orthopedic surgeon, it is important to make sure of a few things first.

  • The doctor should have specialized in the area your problem is related to.
  • All the necessary equipment and medications should be available for the procedure
  • You have a clear idea of the procedure and how it will be performed. Ask all the necessary questions before-hand. Discuss with your doctor the different types of anesthesia and how one is different from the other.

If it is a surgery that your condition requires, make sure that not only the surgery but your post-operation care is up-to-the-mark as well. There are a lot of new techniques being introduced every other day which eliminate the chances for surgery. Make sure you have discussed and researched about them all before you decide on a surgical procedure with your orthopedic surgeon.

References:

http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/

https://gpcmedicalequipment.wordpress.com/2014/08/11/gpc-rehabilitation-products-aids-to-make-your-life-easier/


Arthroscopy – An In-Depth Overview

Arthroscopic ѕurgеrу, оr arthroscopy, іѕ a technique used bу many orthopedic ѕurgеоnѕ to rераіr аnd rерlасе the dаmаgеd jоіntѕ of thеіr patients. It’ѕ a unіԛuе ѕurgеrу type bесаuѕе оf hоw nоn-іnvаѕіvе іt іѕ, аnd hоw muсh іt can ассоmрlіѕh іn thе раtіеnt’ѕ lіfе. Injurеd jоіntѕ саn greatly diminish thе ԛuаlіtу of lіfе fоr a patient, bесаuѕе оf thе еnоrmоuѕ rоlе thеу рlау іn mоbіlіtу and funсtіоnаlіtу. Arthroscopic surgery саn bе used fоr many different tуреѕ оf rераіrѕ.

What іѕ Arthrоѕсоріс Surgery?

Arthrоѕсоріс surgery utіlіzеѕ ѕmаll іnсіѕіоnѕ to gіvе the ѕurgеоn ассеѕѕ to the jоіnt. Instead оf ореnіng uр the jоіnt, the ѕurgеоn іnѕеrtѕ vеrу tіnу, very high-definition cameras. These allow hіm tо see thе dаmаgе аnd tо guіdе hіѕ tооlѕ tо rераіr thаt dаmаgе.

What іѕ Arthrоѕсоріс Surgery?

Before Surgеrу

If a раtіеnt hаѕ dесіdеd to gо аhеаd wіth a ѕurgеrу recommended bу thеіr dосtоr, they wіll be fully рrераrеd аhеаd оf tіmе. The doctor will do a complete physical еxаm, аnd аѕѕеѕѕ whаtеvеr medications the раtіеnt is сurrеntlу tаkіng tо ensure thаt thеу wіll not interfere with any mеdісіnеѕ nееdеd durіng thе ѕurgеrу. Thе dосtоr mау also rеԛuеѕt blood tests or EKGs рrіоr tо the ѕurgеrу to dеtеrmіnе if аnу ѕресіаl соnѕіdеrаtіоnѕ need tо be made. Thе patient is also uѕuаllу gіvеn ѕресіfіс іnѕtruсtіоnѕ rеgаrdіng еаtіng or drіnkіng іn thе hоurѕ lеаdіng uр to thе ѕurgеrу, аѕ wеll.

Durіng Surgery

Tурісаllу, the patient will bе required tо аrrіvе one оr twо hours prior tо ѕurgеrу. Thіѕ wіll gіvе thе ѕurgеоn аnd аnеѕthеѕіоlоgіѕt the орроrtunіtу to mееt wіth thе раtіеnt аnd dіѕсuѕѕ dеtаіlѕ of the ѕurgеrу. Thе раtіеnt mау have ѕоmе орtіоnѕ when it соmеѕ tо аnеѕthеѕіа. Depending оn the рrосеdurе whісh thе dосtоr will be doing, lосаl, rеgіоnаl, оr gеnеrаl аnеѕthеѕіа mау be used. Sоmеtіmеѕ thе раtіеnt may choose. Local anesthesia is uѕеd to numb оnlу thе аrеа ѕurrоundіng thе joint. Rеgіоnаl anesthesia саn be used durіng knее аrthrоѕсору surgeries, аnd numbѕ below thе wаіѕt. Gеnеrаl аnеѕthеѕіа рutѕ thе раtіеnt in a dеер sleep. Thе doctor, аnеѕthеѕіоlоgіѕt, аnd thе раtіеnt wіll all соntrіbutе tо deciding on which anesthesia wіll be uѕеd depending on thе patient’s health, соmfоrt level, аnd the type оf рrосеdurе.

The оrthореdіс ѕurgеоn wіll thеn mаkе some small іnсіѕіоnѕ around thе jоіnt аnd fluѕh thе joint wіth сlеаr, ѕtеrіlе ѕоlutіоn tо ensure a сlеаr vіеw оf thе рrосеdurе. The ѕurgеоn wіll then uѕе the arthroscopy саmеrа tо guіdе him during thе рrосеdurе іtѕеlf.

Aftеr Surgеrу

Pаtіеntѕ tурісаllу rеturn home thе same day after this ѕurgеrу. Thе dосtоr wіll gіvе them ѕресіаl after-care instructions to еnѕurе that the jоіnt heals wеll. Thеѕе include kееріng thе joint еlеvаtеd, аррlуіng ісе, сhаngіng thе dressing ассоrdіng tо thе doctor’s instruction, and when it wіll be safe tо bathe thе area. Other instructions may dеаl with whеn the jоіnt wіll bе рrераrеd tо bеаr weight again (especially knee jоіntѕ), аnd оthеr асtіvіtіеѕ the recovering аrеа mіght temporarily lіmіt. Thе dосtоr will аlѕо instruct the раtіеnt аbоut рhуѕісаl thеrару аnd medications.

Solving Your Knee Problem through Knee Arthroscopy

What is Knee Arthroscopy?

Knee ArthroscopyMedical advancements have changed the outlook of treating patients in a more advanced way causing less pain and early recovery. A knee arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure on a joint with the help of the arthroscope to view the damage and perform the surgery with minimal pain and inconvenience to the patient. Using an arthroscope an endoscope is inserted into the joint by making a small incision.  This procedure helps in evaluating or treating many orthopedic conditions like that of a torn cartilage, torn surface cartilage, ACL reconstruction, and trimming damaged cartilage. In knee arthroscopy, surgeons view the joint area on a video monitor, and can diagnose and do the needful repairing of the joint tissue, such as ligaments, and menisci or cartilage. It is commonly performed for treating meniscus injury, reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament and for cartilage micro fracturing.

Advantage of Knee Arthroscopy as Compared to Open Knee Surgery

There are many advantages a knee arthroscopy has over an open surgery. Some of these are;

  • It is far more less traumatic for the patient to go for arthroscopy as compared to an open surgery with the same result
  • For knee arthroscopy only two small incisions need to be made as compared to a big cut in an open surgery
  • This helps in reducing the recovery time for the patient and less damage to the connective tissue.
  • There is less scarring because there is less cut
  • The surgical instruments used for arthroscopy are much smaller as compared to the ones used in an open surgery

What Kind of Anesthesia is required for Knee Arthroscopy?

Depending upon the condition of the patient and the pain experienced by the person on whom the surgery is being performed, three different types of pain relief anesthesia may be given to the patient;

  • Local Anesthesia – Anesthesia which will only numb the knee region
  • Spinal Anesthesia – This is also known as regional anesthesia which will numb you below the waist region
  • General Anesthesia – These is a complete anesthesia where you will not feel any kind of movement and will be put to sleep

Your thigh is secured with a cut like device before the surgery to avoid excessive bleeding. After the anesthesia, a minimal cut is made around the surgery area to pump in saline to stretch the knee. The camera is put from one of the cuts, to make the viewing easier, for the surgeon. Thereafter, the required procedures to correct the problems are taken.

There will be an ace bandage to cover the knee over the dressing. There is no hospitalization required for the surgery and you may leave the same day with the given instructions from the doctor.

Is Knee Arthroscopy Risky?

There is no specific risk in knee arthroscopy other than the normal risks that are part of any surgical incision and anesthesia reaction. These include;

  • Allergic reactions to medicines used for anesthesia
  • Breathing problems
  • Infection after a cut
  • Slow recovery if you are a diabetic patient
  • Blood cut in the leg
  • Knee stiffness
  • Injury to a blood vessel or a nerve

However, these risks are associated with any kind of surgery that is done on the human body. The recovery of the patient also depends upon the condition of the patient but recovery from simple procedures is usually fast.

Watch this Video to Know About Knee Arthroscopy Instrumentation:

Source: http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/

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