The Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment of Hip Arthritis

Hip arthritis is the common type of disease which causes joint inflammation which leads to severe pain and swelling in the hip joint. This type of arthritis is also termed as Osteoarthritis.

Hip arthritis usually affects people over fifty years of age and is more widespread in people who are obese. There is also a hereditary inclination of this state, meaning hip arthritis tends to run in families. There are also some other reasons which result in budding hip arthritis include distressing injuries to the hip and fractures to the hip bone.

Causes of Hip Arthritis

The causes of hip arthritis are not identified. Following are the factors that may cause injury of the hip joint, old age, and being fat. Apart from these are also some more reasons which contribute to hip arthritis:

  • The hips joints may not have been shaped correctly.
  • There are some hereditary defects in the cartilage.
  • The patient may be overweight.

Hip Replacement Implants

Signs of Hip Arthritis

Hip arthritis heads to increase as the situation worsens. The symptoms of hip arthritis do not always rise within the span of time. The people often report with sometimes good reports and sometimes bad as the change of weather takes place. The most popular hip arthritis symptoms are as follows:

  • Soreness with actions.
  • Restricted motion.
  • Inflexibility of the hip joint.
  • Walking lamely.
  • Ache in the hip, thigh, and knee.

Hip Arthritis Treatment

The treatment of hip arthritis begins with mainly essential steps and steps forward to the more complicated which includes surgery. Surely not all therapies are suitable for every sufferer so one should have a detailed conversation with ones physician to decide which options are suitable for the particular case of hip arthritis.

Loss of Weight
This is probably the most significant therapy which in not at all popular among folks. The low weight causes the hip joint to carry out the tasks in a less painful manner.

Exercising
Learning new exercises proves to be useful in relieving the arthritis pain.

Use of Sticks or Walker
The usage of a simple wooden cane stick or a walker can decrease the pain in the hip joint.

Physical Therapy
Fortifying the muscles that surrounds the hip joint may prove helpful to reduce the weigh down the burden on the hip joint.

Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
Anti-inflammatory drugs are proved really helpful to treat ache and swelling.

Medications for Joints
The supplements for joints seems to be harmless and are effectual for cure of hip arthritis.

Reinstatement Surgery
In this method the cartilage of the hip joint is detached and a plate or soft artificial plastic is embedded in the hip joint.

Resurfacing Surgery
Some patients who don’t want to go for hip replacement surgery often go for the resurfacing treatment because it is more cost effective.

Hip Replacement Aftercare

The recovery time for each individual varies as it usually depends on the person’s weight, age and other factors. The diet plays an important role in the revival of hip joint. One should opt for healthy foods that can lead the wounds to heal at a faster rate.

References:

http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/implants/arthroplasty/hip.html

https://orthopedicimplantsindia.wordpress.com/2017/02/22/hip-implants-know-them-before-you-get-them/

https://orthopedicimplantsindia.wordpress.com/2016/11/30/know-about-orthopedic-surgery-procedures/

https://orthopedicimplantsindia.wordpress.com/2016/04/21/faqs-related-to-hip-implants/

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Arthroscopy – An In-Depth Overview

Arthroscopic ѕurgеrу, оr arthroscopy, іѕ a technique used bу many orthopedic ѕurgеоnѕ to rераіr аnd rерlасе the dаmаgеd jоіntѕ of thеіr patients. It’ѕ a unіԛuе ѕurgеrу type bесаuѕе оf hоw nоn-іnvаѕіvе іt іѕ, аnd hоw muсh іt can ассоmрlіѕh іn thе раtіеnt’ѕ lіfе. Injurеd jоіntѕ саn greatly diminish thе ԛuаlіtу of lіfе fоr a patient, bесаuѕе оf thе еnоrmоuѕ rоlе thеу рlау іn mоbіlіtу and funсtіоnаlіtу. Arthroscopic surgery саn bе used fоr many different tуреѕ оf rераіrѕ.

What іѕ Arthrоѕсоріс Surgery?

Arthrоѕсоріс surgery utіlіzеѕ ѕmаll іnсіѕіоnѕ to gіvе the ѕurgеоn ассеѕѕ to the jоіnt. Instead оf ореnіng uр the jоіnt, the ѕurgеоn іnѕеrtѕ vеrу tіnу, very high-definition cameras. These allow hіm tо see thе dаmаgе аnd tо guіdе hіѕ tооlѕ tо rераіr thаt dаmаgе.

What іѕ Arthrоѕсоріс Surgery?

Before Surgеrу

If a раtіеnt hаѕ dесіdеd to gо аhеаd wіth a ѕurgеrу recommended bу thеіr dосtоr, they wіll be fully рrераrеd аhеаd оf tіmе. The doctor will do a complete physical еxаm, аnd аѕѕеѕѕ whаtеvеr medications the раtіеnt is сurrеntlу tаkіng tо ensure thаt thеу wіll not interfere with any mеdісіnеѕ nееdеd durіng thе ѕurgеrу. Thе dосtоr mау also rеԛuеѕt blood tests or EKGs рrіоr tо the ѕurgеrу to dеtеrmіnе if аnу ѕресіаl соnѕіdеrаtіоnѕ need tо be made. Thе patient is also uѕuаllу gіvеn ѕресіfіс іnѕtruсtіоnѕ rеgаrdіng еаtіng or drіnkіng іn thе hоurѕ lеаdіng uр to thе ѕurgеrу, аѕ wеll.

Durіng Surgery

Tурісаllу, the patient will bе required tо аrrіvе one оr twо hours prior tо ѕurgеrу. Thіѕ wіll gіvе thе ѕurgеоn аnd аnеѕthеѕіоlоgіѕt the орроrtunіtу to mееt wіth thе раtіеnt аnd dіѕсuѕѕ dеtаіlѕ of the ѕurgеrу. Thе раtіеnt mау have ѕоmе орtіоnѕ when it соmеѕ tо аnеѕthеѕіа. Depending оn the рrосеdurе whісh thе dосtоr will be doing, lосаl, rеgіоnаl, оr gеnеrаl аnеѕthеѕіа mау be used. Sоmеtіmеѕ thе раtіеnt may choose. Local anesthesia is uѕеd to numb оnlу thе аrеа ѕurrоundіng thе joint. Rеgіоnаl anesthesia саn be used durіng knее аrthrоѕсору surgeries, аnd numbѕ below thе wаіѕt. Gеnеrаl аnеѕthеѕіа рutѕ thе раtіеnt in a dеер sleep. Thе doctor, аnеѕthеѕіоlоgіѕt, аnd thе раtіеnt wіll all соntrіbutе tо deciding on which anesthesia wіll be uѕеd depending on thе patient’s health, соmfоrt level, аnd the type оf рrосеdurе.

The оrthореdіс ѕurgеоn wіll thеn mаkе some small іnсіѕіоnѕ around thе jоіnt аnd fluѕh thе joint wіth сlеаr, ѕtеrіlе ѕоlutіоn tо ensure a сlеаr vіеw оf thе рrосеdurе. The ѕurgеоn wіll then uѕе the arthroscopy саmеrа tо guіdе him during thе рrосеdurе іtѕеlf.

Aftеr Surgеrу

Pаtіеntѕ tурісаllу rеturn home thе same day after this ѕurgеrу. Thе dосtоr wіll gіvе them ѕресіаl after-care instructions to еnѕurе that the jоіnt heals wеll. Thеѕе include kееріng thе joint еlеvаtеd, аррlуіng ісе, сhаngіng thе dressing ассоrdіng tо thе doctor’s instruction, and when it wіll be safe tо bathe thе area. Other instructions may dеаl with whеn the jоіnt wіll bе рrераrеd tо bеаr weight again (especially knee jоіntѕ), аnd оthеr асtіvіtіеѕ the recovering аrеа mіght temporarily lіmіt. Thе dосtоr will аlѕо instruct the раtіеnt аbоut рhуѕісаl thеrару аnd medications.

FAQs Related to Hip Implants

If you are thinking to have a hip replacement surgery, then it is important for you to know the basic of hip replacement surgery, such as the hip implants that your surgeon may be using.

hip-implants-prosthesis

Hip Implant Basics

Our hip joint comprises of two major parts, which include a femoral head (ball) at femur (the top of your thighbone) that fits into the acetabulum (a rounded socket) in your pelvis. The ball rotates within the acetabulum’s curved surface. During a hip replacement surgery, the acetabulum is replaced by an acetabular. Besides, the femoral stem is implanted into the ball (the femoral head) and the femur and is fitted in the acetabulum. This helps in connecting the leg to the hip and enables movement.

What Is A Hip Implant Made Of?

Even though there are varied models and designs of hips that are built by a number of manufacturers, but there are three major elements of an artificial hip, which includes a stem that is implanted into the thigh bone (the femur); a cup that attaches to the pelvis and a ball that is attached to the top of the femur.

The modern hip implants, famous since the 1970s, are created by combining different materials, such as metals, ceramics and plastics. The most common material used for making hip implants is cobalt chrome, titanium and stainless steel. Most of the recent hip implant devices are metal-on-metal designs, which have been created with the hope that hip surgery would last longer and provide pain-free flexibility for more years.

How Much Does It Weigh?

Your surgeon will select the implant that is most appropriate for you and fits your anatomy, and lifestyle. Generally, a complete hip system (liner, shell, head and stem) weighs between 1 to 2 pounds, which depends on the kind of material that is used.

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Hip Surgery – Providing Relief to your Hip Pain

A surgery is usually the last option a doctor offers for your treatment and is often when it is imperative to do it, and when other methods of treatment seem ineffective. However, in today’s time with advanced medical facilities most surgeries are successful and hence the fear of surgery is gradually diminishing. Surgeries of all kinds are on a rise and hip surgery although not very common earlier is also being performed on a large scale.

Hip Prosthesis

Excessive unbearable pain in the hips, loss of mobility, loss of sleep, pain in the joints, seasonal pain during change of weather especially humid weather, degeneration of bones and sudden accidents are primarily the reasons for a hip bone treatment. Depending upon the condition of the patient, and after performing several x-rays and tests an orthopedic decides which method will suit the patient best in getting relief from the pain.  At times a minimal invasive surgery is enough to provide you relief from the pain instead of a total hip surgery. This prevents the patient from an elongated treatment and early recovery.

Different Methods of Hip Treatment

Arthroscopy

Bipolar Hip Prosthesis

In arthroscopy, the area of the hip discomfort is viewed through a camera and the problem is identified and treated. Through arthroscopy the damaged cartilage can be trimmed, the loose debris can be removed from the hips, and also irrigating the inside of the hip.

Osteotomy

In osteotomy, it is like a partial surgery where the bones are cut, reshaped or partially removed to shift the stress from the diseased tissue to a healthy tissue.

Internal fixation

In this method the broken bones are fastened with a small metal device to heal the fracture faster.

Total Hip Replacement

When the above methods do not seem to be effective enough to provide relief to the patient the doctor goes for total hip replacement.  This method involves replacing the painful damaged hip part with artificial hips called prosthesis. The prosthesis has three components: a socket, ball, and a stem. The outer shell is made of metal usually and the inner shell of either plastic or metal. The joining of the socket with the metal ball makes the movement of the hip smooth and frictionless.

The total hip fixation is also of two types:

Cemented Hip Implant

Femoral Neck Ball

In this kind of hip implant the bone cement is injected into the prepared femoral canal. Bone cement is a grout that helps position the implant within the bone. This grout helps the implant to be positioned in the required position.

Porous Hip Implant

In this type of hip implant, it is designed to engage the bone within the canal and allow the bone to grow into the porous surface. The femoral canal is prepared in such a way that the implant is fit tightly initially. In this method there are possibilities of the ingrowths of the bone to provide additional fixation to hold the implant as per the desired position.

Hip Implant surgeries are an effective way to reduce the pain and increase your mobility. Thousands of surgeries are being preformed successfully every year to provide relief to the ailing persons.

GPC Medical works towards providing the best orthopedic implants products to give our clients a safe and painless future.

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