The Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment of Hip Arthritis

Hip arthritis is the common type of disease which causes joint inflammation which leads to severe pain and swelling in the hip joint. This type of arthritis is also termed as Osteoarthritis.

Hip arthritis usually affects people over fifty years of age and is more widespread in people who are obese. There is also a hereditary inclination of this state, meaning hip arthritis tends to run in families. There are also some other reasons which result in budding hip arthritis include distressing injuries to the hip and fractures to the hip bone.

Causes of Hip Arthritis

The causes of hip arthritis are not identified. Following are the factors that may cause injury of the hip joint, old age, and being fat. Apart from these are also some more reasons which contribute to hip arthritis:

  • The hips joints may not have been shaped correctly.
  • There are some hereditary defects in the cartilage.
  • The patient may be overweight.

Hip Replacement Implants

Signs of Hip Arthritis

Hip arthritis heads to increase as the situation worsens. The symptoms of hip arthritis do not always rise within the span of time. The people often report with sometimes good reports and sometimes bad as the change of weather takes place. The most popular hip arthritis symptoms are as follows:

  • Soreness with actions.
  • Restricted motion.
  • Inflexibility of the hip joint.
  • Walking lamely.
  • Ache in the hip, thigh, and knee.

Hip Arthritis Treatment

The treatment of hip arthritis begins with mainly essential steps and steps forward to the more complicated which includes surgery. Surely not all therapies are suitable for every sufferer so one should have a detailed conversation with ones physician to decide which options are suitable for the particular case of hip arthritis.

Loss of Weight
This is probably the most significant therapy which in not at all popular among folks. The low weight causes the hip joint to carry out the tasks in a less painful manner.

Exercising
Learning new exercises proves to be useful in relieving the arthritis pain.

Use of Sticks or Walker
The usage of a simple wooden cane stick or a walker can decrease the pain in the hip joint.

Physical Therapy
Fortifying the muscles that surrounds the hip joint may prove helpful to reduce the weigh down the burden on the hip joint.

Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
Anti-inflammatory drugs are proved really helpful to treat ache and swelling.

Medications for Joints
The supplements for joints seems to be harmless and are effectual for cure of hip arthritis.

Reinstatement Surgery
In this method the cartilage of the hip joint is detached and a plate or soft artificial plastic is embedded in the hip joint.

Resurfacing Surgery
Some patients who don’t want to go for hip replacement surgery often go for the resurfacing treatment because it is more cost effective.

Hip Replacement Aftercare

The recovery time for each individual varies as it usually depends on the person’s weight, age and other factors. The diet plays an important role in the revival of hip joint. One should opt for healthy foods that can lead the wounds to heal at a faster rate.

References:

http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/implants/arthroplasty/hip.html

https://orthopedicimplantsindia.wordpress.com/2017/02/22/hip-implants-know-them-before-you-get-them/

https://orthopedicimplantsindia.wordpress.com/2016/11/30/know-about-orthopedic-surgery-procedures/

https://orthopedicimplantsindia.wordpress.com/2016/04/21/faqs-related-to-hip-implants/

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Total shoulder replacement surgeries and techniques

Shoulder Arthritis is one of the most important types of arthritis that causes the shoulder joints inflammation. The shoulder is the most flexible joint in the whole body which allows revolving the arm in various positions. So simply defined it’s a severe inflammation of one or more of your joints. In an ailing shoulder the inflammation causes harsh pain and inflexibility.

Shoulder Arthritis Symptoms

The general symptoms of shoulder arthritis are as follows:

  • Severe pain in performing routines tasks.
  • Lessens the range of shoulder’s motion.
  • Rigidity of the shoulder joint.
  • Inflammation of the shoulder joint.
  • Having feeling of crushing or smashing within the joint.

Total Shoulder Replacement

Shoulder surgery is generally kept for complex or stern shoulder problems. For the correct long-suffering patient, a surgical course of action can bring back full motion and strength to shoulders. It depends on the sternness of the shoulder tear; the surgeon may suggest one of the following shoulder replacements:

Resurfacing Hemiarthroplasty:

In this process the cap of the ball joint is swapped with an artificial or wooden thing, conserving the residual bone.

Stemmed Hemiarthroplasty:

In this type of replacement only the ball component of the shoulder is substituted with a metal plate and stem.

Total Shoulder Replacement:

This method involves the replacement of the complete ball and socket joint with hard metal and soft plastic respectively.

Reverse Total Shoulder Replacement:

In this kind of reserve total shoulder replacement the whole shoulder is recovered while the ball and socket exchange.

Shoulder Prosthesis

Possible Complications after Surgery

There are usually some general risks with any kind of surgery. These possibly include infections and harm to adjoining nerves and blood vessels. On the other hand, contemporary surgical procedures and fastening monitoring have notably depreciate the incidence of these troubles.

Even subsequent to surgery, some hurting, inflexibility and hardness are pretty normal. One is supposed to be vigilant for definite signs and indications that may recommend the improvement of obstacles.

  • Slight fever after the next day following surgery.
  • A sharp increase in pain or inflammation.
  • Reddishness or swelling which may recommend a wound infection.
  • Abnormal blood loss as a few surgical injury is common.
  • Lack of sensation or prickle of the arm or hand.

Prevention of Future Problems

It is vital that one should carry on a shoulder work out plan with stretching on a daily basis. In specific, the patients who devotedly act in accordance with the rehabilitation and drills prescribed by their surgeon and analyst will have the finest health outcome after surgery.

Future Developments

Studies and researches are being performed on shoulder arthritis and its treatment.

  • In various cases, it is not identified why a number of patients build up arthritis and others do not. Examinations are being made to reveal several reasons of arthritis of the shoulder.
  • Joint greasing, which are presently being used for healing of knee arthritis, are being considered in the shoulder.
  • Latest modern drugs to treat rheumatoid arthritis are being explored.

References:

http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/implants/arthroplasty/shoulder.html

http://www.gpcmedical.com/199/1016/orthopaedic-implants-&-instruments/arthroplasty-implants.html

 

 

Orthopedic Surgery: A Comprehensive Overview

The surgery about musculoskeletal system in human bodies is referred to as orthopedic surgery. The surgeons can use surgical and non-surgical methods to treat problems related to joints, bones, muscles, nerves, and ligaments in the human body. The kind of treatment which is adopted varies from person to person. The orthopedic surgeons are capable of resolving problems involving injuries, spine disorders, degenerative diseases, sports injuries, tumors, hip and knee reconstructions and infections of various kinds. However, going to a surgeon doesn’t qualify one for a surgery straight away. Most of the times the patient is treated using various non-invasive techniques and medicines only.

Surgery And Risks Involved

Most of the doctors who enter the field of orthopedic surgery chose one of the following fields of specialization:

While most of the procedures that are performed come without any possible risk but the ones that involve a surgery do come with certain limitations like any surgical procedure does. Some of the common risks involved with orthopedic surgeries involve:

Anesthesia: The type of anesthesia that is given depends on the type of surgery which is being performed. There are a lot of different types of anesthesia ranging from local to general and the risks of anesthesia vary with the type which is being selected.

Infections: Most of the surgical procedures especially the invasive ones will require good post-operation care. This is to avoid infections of any sort from developing in the body. Most of these infections are easy to manage, and some might require further surgeries to handle as well. The risk of infections is higher in surgeries that involve hip or joint replacement procedures.

Blood clot: A blood clot can form anywhere in a vein after surgery. If it is in the veins, the clot is fairly risk free. However, if it travels to the lungs, it can cause severe breathing issues and would require prompt medical care. Doctors make use of blood thinners and other medicines to eliminate the risks of blood clots in bodies.

Choosing The Right Orthopedic Surgeon

When choosing an orthopedic surgeon, it is important to make sure of a few things first.

  • The doctor should have specialized in the area your problem is related to.
  • All the necessary equipment and medications should be available for the procedure
  • You have a clear idea of the procedure and how it will be performed. Ask all the necessary questions before-hand. Discuss with your doctor the different types of anesthesia and how one is different from the other.

If it is a surgery that your condition requires, make sure that not only the surgery but your post-operation care is up-to-the-mark as well. There are a lot of new techniques being introduced every other day which eliminate the chances for surgery. Make sure you have discussed and researched about them all before you decide on a surgical procedure with your orthopedic surgeon.

References:

http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/

https://gpcmedicalequipment.wordpress.com/2014/08/11/gpc-rehabilitation-products-aids-to-make-your-life-easier/


Steps by Step Guide of Hip Replacement Surgery

Hips are an integral human body part and have their own significance. The wear and tear of hip joint affects its working and results in intense pain called hip arthritis. Hip replace surgery is performed to relieve hip pain and improve hip functionality. Femoral head of the hip bone is removed and replaced with an artificial one. The bone is cut during the surgery to place this ball shaped prosthetic femur head inside that later becomes the new socket of pelvis.

Steps of a Hip Replacement Surgery

After the diagnosis of hip arthritis, orthopedic physicians determine the area of surgery and the process vary as per the patient’s condition. However, these are the common steps of every hip replacement surgery and the process is considered as the most effective solution of arthritis.

Checkup and Anesthesia: Doctors note down blood pressure, heart beat, blood group, and body temperature before starting the surgery. General or regional anesthesia is given to block sensation.

Removal of Damage Cartilage: Surgeons make 10 inches incision to remove the damaged cartilage. During incision, skin and muscles are cut down to expose the bone. They remove damaged cartilage and take out the upper part of femur bone present in the hip socket. Femur bone is the actual part where the issue resides due to the bone-on-bone contact. The socket in the pelvis is also called acetabulum and surgeons use a saw to cut the arthritis femoral head.

Preparation of Acetabelum: After the removal of arthritic ball, surgeons prepare the acetabelum with the help of a tool reamer and scrap the unnecessary skin and cartilage to a make place for acetabular cup.

Placement of Acetabular Component: The cup is placed into the reshaped socket and placed tightly in the pelvis. For the perfect fit, the pelvis socket is made smaller than the acetabular component and it adheres with special perforated cement in order to give space for the bone growth.

Preparation of Femur: The next step is the preparation of femur bone in which surgeons insert prosthetic femoral stem in the femur bone. The stem is designed to hold the ball perfectly and shaped like a narrow tapered metal shaft so it excellently plays the role of femoral head.

Insertion of Final Ball into the Socket: A temporary ball is placed in the top of the stem to move the acetabulum cup and make sure that the joint can move easily. On getting satisfactory results from the temporary ball, permanent ball is inserted and doctors take the help of X-ray machine to check the size and position of the ball.

Skin Stitching:  Stitching the skin is the last step of hip surgery. The muscles and the part of skin is precisely stitched and bandaged. Wedge willow is placed to between the legs to keep them apart from each other.

Usually, the patient has to spend a week in the hospital and doctors advise him/her about the range of motion precaution and weight bearing precautions to prevent any fatal issue later.

hip-implants

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GPC Tibial Nails: A Quality You Can Trust

Tibia bone is the largest of the two bones in the lower half of the leg. A fracture in this bone requires more care and precision to make sure that the weight of the body is supported and the bone is properly fixated. With tibia fractures, it is very common to go wrong. The slightest of mistakes would mean that the bone is not in its right position and would not heal properly. The previous techniques involved the usage of nails in bringing the broken bone together. However, this often resulted in malalignment. With the new titanium nails, the problem is resolved. Be it a proximal or distal fracture the nail can fix it without causing any alignment issues. We offer you tibia nails and the whole kit made from the best material: Titanium. The nails are light in weight yet strong enough to bear the weight of the body.

GPC Tibial Nails

They are designed using the latest technology to help with the alignment of tibial fractures. These nails are found in steel and titanium so that you can use the one that best suits you. We also give you interlocking nails with lengths that vary from 22mm to 44 mm and diameters from 9mm to 14mm.With two proximal locking options and three distal locking options, you can’t just go wrong with these tibia nails.

Instrument set for Tibia Interlocking Nails

The kit is perfect for any surgical procedure involving tibia nails. It has a complete set of all the instruments you might need. From tissue protector to ram wrench the kit has everything you might need.

  • Curved Bone AWL
  • Flexible Reamer with fixed Head 8mm
  • Flexible Reaming Shaft
  • Guide Wire Holding forceps
  • Ram Guide Rod
  • Distal Aiming Device with Locking Hole Finder
  • Medullary Tube
  • Hexagonal screw Driver 4.5mm
  • Aiming Trocar and  a lot more…

The kit comes in a graphic case which helps protect the tibia nails and the other instruments. The kit is used to insert the tibia nail and make sure that it is properly fixed at the right elevation and angle in the bone. It also makes the task a lot smoother and hassle free. No more running around to assemble the things. With the kit in hand, you have everything close by that you might need.

Locking bolts of various lengths and end caps

Depending on the age and the type of fracture, it is important the bolt size varies too. Using one bolt to fix all sizes would result in problems and complications. This is the reason we offer locking bolts made of steel and titanium. Each bolt has a diameter of 4.9mm but varies in length. This is to ensure that the length doesn’t compromise on the strength of the bolt. The bolts come in sizes which range from 20mm to 60mm with all the sizes of even numbers available in between. Each bolt, either be it of steel or titanium is available in all these sizes. So make sure you use the right code to pick the right bolt.

Locking-Bolts-4-9mm-ILB49

Locking Bolts 4.9mm (Item No. ILB49)

We also offer the end cap to help secure the nail firmly in the bone. The end cap is perfect for tibia and femoral nail. Use it to make sure that no matter what kind of fracture it is, the tibia nail is able to hold the bone together.

End Cap for Tibial Nail

End Cap for Tibial Nail (Item No. ECTF51)

So what are you waiting for? Get in contact with the GPC team to get more information on GPC tibial nailing system. Made from only the best quality titanium and stainless steel, it is one choice you would not regret.

Browse our complete Intramedullary Nailing System range at: http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/implants/intramedullary-nailing-system.html

Know more about GPC Intramedullary Nailing Systems…

GPC Multi Angle Tibial Nail – US FDA 510k Approved

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Interlocking Nails used for Fracture Fixation

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An Overview of Pediatric Orthopedics

Kids are different from adults, and this is apparent even in the ways their bodies work. Their bodies are continuously growing and developing and so is their bone structure. The bones are so elastic that they can bend at odd angles without even breaking. Most of their issues can be well sorted but by a general orthopedic but in severe cases, it is important to get the child checked by a pediatric orthopedic who has over a decade of training and experience dealing with kids and their complex bone structures. He should understand the intricacies of their growing bones and give them the best possible treatment.

Problems The Pediatric Orthopedics Treat

While not every problem requires a visit to the pediatric orthopedic but some conditions do require an expert opinion such as

  • Birth deformities
  • Limping
  • Broken bones
  • Infections in bones and joints
  • Spinal deformities

Apart from these, the pediatric orthopedic should know how to provide emotional support and care to the child.

Pediatric Orthopedic Implants

Kids are different from adults

When dealing with kids, it is important to understand that kids are nothing like adults. The way their bodies work is different as well. When dealing with bones related issues, some of the most common things one needs to understand are:

  • Not every child is capable of telling where it hurts. It is then the job of the doctor to tactfully extract the relevant information from the child or diagnose it after examination.
  • The bones of the kids are continuously growing. The part of the bone which is undergoing rapid growth is most vulnerable to injury. While treating the child, it is important to make sure that the growth plate was not affected in any way since it can lead to deformities and abnormal growth of bones in the future.

Qualities To Look For In A Pediatric Orthopedic

Most of the kids who come to the doctors undergo a lot of stress, anxiety and depression issues due to their conditions. The doctors should guide the parents on how the child can be taken care of in a way that would keep him happy too. A pediatric orthopedic should be

  • Experienced with over ten years of training, treating and assisting children with bone problems.
  • Friendly so that the child feels comfortable talking to him about his problem. This way there would be no communication gap in the treatment. They usually have a proper environment created with toys, games and other activities that can help the child relax
  • Co-operative enough to guide the parents and help them understand the problem at hand
  • Professional with knowledge of how to treat the different problems while keeping in mind the intricacies of the children’s bone structures

When it is an issue related to the health of your child, it is very important to go to a doctor who is skilled and qualified enough to not only provide your child with the best medical attention but proper child care as well.

Related Posts:

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Intramedullary Interlocking Nails – An Overview

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Your Complete Guide to Spinal Implants

Surgery is not required in most of the spinal conditions, however, there are times when it becomes very important for the patient to undergo one. Unique and specially designed spinal instrumentation used in the spinal implants are an integral part of all the surgical processes. One can expect these implants to provide strength to the spine and stabilize it, fix the deformities, and facilitate fusion.

The special conditions which might give rise to the need for surgery include traumatic fracture, slippage of the spine, scoliosis, and chronic degenerative disc disease apart from numerous other critical spinal instabilities.

What Are Implants?

Metals like titanium, stainless steel, and titanium-alloy are used to manufacture spinal implants whereas there are some which are made from non-metallic compounds. Patients of different ages and sizes can easily be accommodated because of the variety of shapes available in these implants.

Scientists all over the world are working hard to bring further improvements to these implants so that they can result in more favorable outcomes. In quite a few years, some breakthroughs have been achieved in this regard and they include the development of special plates, the creation of small implants for children, and enabling the doctors to correct the deformities 3-dimensionally.

Spinal Implants

The different groups of these implants are:

Rods

These rods are really strong along with being flexible which allows the surgeon to contour them according to the need of the patient while bringing alignment to the spine.

Pedicle Screws

These are the strong points which provide a place for attachment to the rods. Initially, they were used in lumbar spine only but the advancements in technology have enabled the surgeons to use them in thoracic spine as well.

Hooks

Used for anchoring purposes along with rods and other kinds of implants.

Plates

The plates help in conforming to the contouring of the spine. Screws which are adjusted in adjacent vertebrae tend to hold them in place. They can be contoured in the future as well depending on the anatomy of the patient.

Cages

Having perforated walls, these are minute hollow devices. If the height of a disc is lost because of a collapse, then cages can be used for restoration purposes and the pressure on the nerve roots is also relieved.

How To Use These Implants?

The use of these implants depends on a great volume of the specific needs of a particular patient. Titanium implants are said to be resilient and light along with allowing usage with MRIs. Low volume and low profile implants are the best options which sometimes are not visible through a scan but the bone forming and bone fusion can be inferred.

Future Of These Implants

Scientists are keenly working on bioresorbable implants which are completely gone in the matter of time when the problem is resolved. They are designed in a way that they break down when they come in contact with water.

The better treatments for patients are surfacing every now and then but the scope and usage of any kind of treatment depends a great deal on the needs of the patients.

Source: http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/implants/spinal-system.html

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