Orthopedic Surgery: A Comprehensive Overview

The surgery about musculoskeletal system in human bodies is referred to as orthopedic surgery. The surgeons can use surgical and non-surgical methods to treat problems related to joints, bones, muscles, nerves, and ligaments in the human body. The kind of treatment which is adopted varies from person to person. The orthopedic surgeons are capable of resolving problems involving injuries, spine disorders, degenerative diseases, sports injuries, tumors, hip and knee reconstructions and infections of various kinds. However, going to a surgeon doesn’t qualify one for a surgery straight away. Most of the times the patient is treated using various non-invasive techniques and medicines only.

Surgery And Risks Involved

Most of the doctors who enter the field of orthopedic surgery chose one of the following fields of specialization:

While most of the procedures that are performed come without any possible risk but the ones that involve a surgery do come with certain limitations like any surgical procedure does. Some of the common risks involved with orthopedic surgeries involve:

Anesthesia: The type of anesthesia that is given depends on the type of surgery which is being performed. There are a lot of different types of anesthesia ranging from local to general and the risks of anesthesia vary with the type which is being selected.

Infections: Most of the surgical procedures especially the invasive ones will require good post-operation care. This is to avoid infections of any sort from developing in the body. Most of these infections are easy to manage, and some might require further surgeries to handle as well. The risk of infections is higher in surgeries that involve hip or joint replacement procedures.

Blood clot: A blood clot can form anywhere in a vein after surgery. If it is in the veins, the clot is fairly risk free. However, if it travels to the lungs, it can cause severe breathing issues and would require prompt medical care. Doctors make use of blood thinners and other medicines to eliminate the risks of blood clots in bodies.

Choosing The Right Orthopedic Surgeon

When choosing an orthopedic surgeon, it is important to make sure of a few things first.

  • The doctor should have specialized in the area your problem is related to.
  • All the necessary equipment and medications should be available for the procedure
  • You have a clear idea of the procedure and how it will be performed. Ask all the necessary questions before-hand. Discuss with your doctor the different types of anesthesia and how one is different from the other.

If it is a surgery that your condition requires, make sure that not only the surgery but your post-operation care is up-to-the-mark as well. There are a lot of new techniques being introduced every other day which eliminate the chances for surgery. Make sure you have discussed and researched about them all before you decide on a surgical procedure with your orthopedic surgeon.

References:

http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/

https://gpcmedicalequipment.wordpress.com/2014/08/11/gpc-rehabilitation-products-aids-to-make-your-life-easier/


An Overview of Pediatric Orthopedics

Kids are different from adults, and this is apparent even in the ways their bodies work. Their bodies are continuously growing and developing and so is their bone structure. The bones are so elastic that they can bend at odd angles without even breaking. Most of their issues can be well sorted but by a general orthopedic but in severe cases, it is important to get the child checked by a pediatric orthopedic who has over a decade of training and experience dealing with kids and their complex bone structures. He should understand the intricacies of their growing bones and give them the best possible treatment.

Problems The Pediatric Orthopedics Treat

While not every problem requires a visit to the pediatric orthopedic but some conditions do require an expert opinion such as

  • Birth deformities
  • Limping
  • Broken bones
  • Infections in bones and joints
  • Spinal deformities

Apart from these, the pediatric orthopedic should know how to provide emotional support and care to the child.

Pediatric Orthopedic Implants

Kids are different from adults

When dealing with kids, it is important to understand that kids are nothing like adults. The way their bodies work is different as well. When dealing with bones related issues, some of the most common things one needs to understand are:

  • Not every child is capable of telling where it hurts. It is then the job of the doctor to tactfully extract the relevant information from the child or diagnose it after examination.
  • The bones of the kids are continuously growing. The part of the bone which is undergoing rapid growth is most vulnerable to injury. While treating the child, it is important to make sure that the growth plate was not affected in any way since it can lead to deformities and abnormal growth of bones in the future.

Qualities To Look For In A Pediatric Orthopedic

Most of the kids who come to the doctors undergo a lot of stress, anxiety and depression issues due to their conditions. The doctors should guide the parents on how the child can be taken care of in a way that would keep him happy too. A pediatric orthopedic should be

  • Experienced with over ten years of training, treating and assisting children with bone problems.
  • Friendly so that the child feels comfortable talking to him about his problem. This way there would be no communication gap in the treatment. They usually have a proper environment created with toys, games and other activities that can help the child relax
  • Co-operative enough to guide the parents and help them understand the problem at hand
  • Professional with knowledge of how to treat the different problems while keeping in mind the intricacies of the children’s bone structures

When it is an issue related to the health of your child, it is very important to go to a doctor who is skilled and qualified enough to not only provide your child with the best medical attention but proper child care as well.

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