The damages of head, face, jaws and neck are treated by oral and maxillofacial surgery. It is an internationally certified surgery. Countries like Canada, Australia, US and Israel, they recognize this as a dentistry specialty. Whereas, in most of the Europe, it is recognized as both, medicine and dentistry specialty. And a degree in both, dentistry and medicine is compulsory.
The Key Important Figure: Maxillofacial Surgeon
A maxillofacial surgeon is a surgeon who deals with the treatment of mouth, skull and jaw. As mentioned above, the maxillofacial surgeon is required to have a training of surgery, dentistry as well as medical. The demand of maxillofacial surgeons who choose medicine as a first degree of profession and then go for dentistry have a relatively increasing trend in some of the Europe countries.
Separate Entity or Not?
The professional associations in some of the countries recognizes maxillofacial as a separate entity of specialization. These associations are:
- American Dental Association
- Royal College of Surgeons of England
- Royal College of Dentists of Canada
- Dental Council of India
- Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons
- Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh
Other than these associations, maxillofacial surgery is practiced in many countries but under different forms and is sometimes executed by a single qualified surgeon.
The Procedures Involved in Maxillofacial Surgery:
The treatment which takes place for maxillofacial surgery includes face, skull, jaw and neck, which are further classified as:
- Cosmetic Surgery: It’s a surgery which is operated on head and neck of the body. It includes Botox, cosmetic treatments, enhancement of lips and enlargement of chin and cheek.
- Dentoalveolar surgery: A surgery where surgeon deals with the removal of teeth. It includes extractions, implanting of bone, the placement for better anatomy is provided.
- Corrective jaw surgery: It deals with the treatment of shallow breaths, the pauses of breaths in the sleep specifically called sleep apnea.
Importance of Practice of Anaesthesia:
In countries like United States, the maxillofacial surgeon are required to go through five months training of anaesthesia. The practice for paediatric anaesthesia is also required for the surgeons to undergo.
Is Laser Applicable in Maxillofacial Surgery or Not?
For almost all oral and dental surgery, CO2 laser is used as it deals with the procedure of soft tissues. The laser got introduced in the mids of 1980s and has still remained as the golden standard for dealing with the procedure of soft tissues.
Is Maxillofacial Implanting Different?
The implanting system of maxillofacial surgery is specifically designed to reconstruct mandibles and chin. Midface fracture orthopaedic surgery, they also get fixed and operated through implanting. The procedure takes place by encompassing pan-facial fractures (fractures which involve lower, upper and middle face) to simple fractures. The products to address fractures like midface fracture, orbital fractures, mandible and zygoma fractures are included in this category. Moreover, the reconstruction of products such as reconstruction of mandible, resection of tumor are also included in this. Different size of screws and plates are used according to the thickness and need of requirement of procedure needed. The best quality Maxillofacial Plating System plates and screws are provided by GPC Medical. And they must have the following features:
- The screws and plates should be compatible within each system
- The edges of the plates should be rounded because it helps reducing the irritation in soft tissues.
- For low insertion torque unique screw designs should be enabled.