What is Knee Arthroscopy?
Medical advancements have changed the outlook of treating patients in a more advanced way causing less pain and early recovery. A knee arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure on a joint with the help of the arthroscope to view the damage and perform the surgery with minimal pain and inconvenience to the patient. Using an arthroscope an endoscope is inserted into the joint by making a small incision. This procedure helps in evaluating or treating many orthopedic conditions like that of a torn cartilage, torn surface cartilage, ACL reconstruction, and trimming damaged cartilage. In knee arthroscopy, surgeons view the joint area on a video monitor, and can diagnose and do the needful repairing of the joint tissue, such as ligaments, and menisci or cartilage. It is commonly performed for treating meniscus injury, reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament and for cartilage micro fracturing.
Advantage of Knee Arthroscopy as Compared to Open Knee Surgery
There are many advantages a knee arthroscopy has over an open surgery. Some of these are;
- It is far more less traumatic for the patient to go for arthroscopy as compared to an open surgery with the same result
- For knee arthroscopy only two small incisions need to be made as compared to a big cut in an open surgery
- This helps in reducing the recovery time for the patient and less damage to the connective tissue.
- There is less scarring because there is less cut
- The surgical instruments used for arthroscopy are much smaller as compared to the ones used in an open surgery
What Kind of Anesthesia is required for Knee Arthroscopy?
Depending upon the condition of the patient and the pain experienced by the person on whom the surgery is being performed, three different types of pain relief anesthesia may be given to the patient;
- Local Anesthesia – Anesthesia which will only numb the knee region
- Spinal Anesthesia – This is also known as regional anesthesia which will numb you below the waist region
- General Anesthesia – These is a complete anesthesia where you will not feel any kind of movement and will be put to sleep
Your thigh is secured with a cut like device before the surgery to avoid excessive bleeding. After the anesthesia, a minimal cut is made around the surgery area to pump in saline to stretch the knee. The camera is put from one of the cuts, to make the viewing easier, for the surgeon. Thereafter, the required procedures to correct the problems are taken.
There will be an ace bandage to cover the knee over the dressing. There is no hospitalization required for the surgery and you may leave the same day with the given instructions from the doctor.
Is Knee Arthroscopy Risky?
There is no specific risk in knee arthroscopy other than the normal risks that are part of any surgical incision and anesthesia reaction. These include;
- Allergic reactions to medicines used for anesthesia
- Breathing problems
- Infection after a cut
- Slow recovery if you are a diabetic patient
- Blood cut in the leg
- Knee stiffness
- Injury to a blood vessel or a nerve
However, these risks are associated with any kind of surgery that is done on the human body. The recovery of the patient also depends upon the condition of the patient but recovery from simple procedures is usually fast.
Watch this Video to Know About Knee Arthroscopy Instrumentation: